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Sudan suffered his second coup in two years. Abdel-Fattah al-Burhan, the country’s former general and de facto president, took control just months before he was supposed to step down. He also had the civilian prime minister arrested. Mr Burhan said he had acted to prevent a civil war. Thousands of protesters said no, it was a blatant takeover. The soldiers opened fire on them. At least seven people were killed and 140 injured. Donors such as America have suspended aid, but Burhan is hoping for support from undemocratic foreign powers.
BioNTech, the company that developed the covid-19 vaccine marketed by Pfizer, said it will build factories in Senegal and Rwanda next year. He hopes to produce more doses for Africa, which accounts for 17.5% of the world’s population but has so far only received 2.5% of covid jabs.
President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi of Egypt lifted the four-year state of emergency. In theory, it will now be less easy for his government to call off protests, arrest warrantless dissidents and limit various freedoms. Critics wondered how much less easy it would really be. America has threatened to withhold aid to Egypt unless it improves its human rights record.
Israel moved forward with a proposal to build 3,000 new homes for Jewish settlers in the occupied territories western bank. The Biden administration condemned the plan. It could also increase tension within the Israeli government coalition, which includes pigeon parties opposed to the settlements.
Israel held its biennial Blue Flag military exercise over the Negev Desert. Planes from America, Britain, France, India and other countries joined the exercise. The UAE Air Force chief also watched. The exercise pitted Israel and its allies against the fictional “land of dragons”, which has military capabilities remarkably similar to Iran’s.
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A cyberattack in Iran disrupted the sale of subsidized fuel, leading to long lines at gas stations. A group calling themselves “Predatory Sparrow” claimed responsibility, but authorities blamed an unnamed “state actor”. Hackers also took control of digital billboards, making them ask, “Khamenei, where’s our fuel?” Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is the supreme leader of Iran.
The UN says that more than half of Afghans would go hungry this winter without help, and that the proportion living on less than $ 1.90 a day would drop from about half before the Taliban took power in August to a shocking 97% by mid-2022 . He said Afghanistan was on the verge of becoming the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. Residents of Kabul sell goods on the streets to buy food.
Members of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met virtually. Myanmar has been excluded, since its army staged a coup in February and has slaughtered protesters since then. It was the first time that the group had sanctioned a Member State in this way. Joe Biden has pledged to help Southeast Asian countries resist Chinese aggression. It was the first time in four years that an American president had participated in a ASEAN Meet.
that of Hong Kong the legislature passed a law banning films that the government believes could threaten China’s national security. Violators face three years in prison.
China postponed the annual marathon of Beijing due to concerns over the spread of covid-19. It was to take place on October 31. No new date has been set.
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley has confirmed that China has tested a hypersonic weapon. He called it an “important technological event” and “of great concern”.
A committee advising the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommended that Pfizer vaccine for covid-19 be given to children aged five to 11 years. If approved, the punches will be one-third the strength of the jab given to adults.
Not everyone is happy about having to get the vaccine. The New York Police Union filed a complaint against a recentmandate imposed by the mayor on public sector employees either to take the jab or to go on unpaid leave. Thousands of workers, most of them firefighters, crossed the Brooklyn Bridge to protest outside City Hall. Chicago police are also angry.
Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has ordered ten ambassadors, including those from America, France and Germany, to be declared personae non gratae, a prelude to their expulsion. The sin of the emissaries was to have asked for the release of a philanthropist, Osman Kavala, locked up for four years on false charges. The Turkish lira has fallen to its lowest level against the dollar. The US embassy has said it is not interfering in Turkey’s internal affairs, and Erdogan has backed down.
Gazprom, that of Russia state gas company, said Moldova that he would lower the price of his fuel for the cash-strapped former Soviet republic, if he was willing to change his free trade agreement with the EU. Vladimir Putin insists that it is absurd to say that Russia is playing politics with its energy exports.
Colombia said he would extradite Dairo Antonio Úsuga, aka Otoniel, to the United States after his capture in a major security operation. Mr Úsuga is said to be the most powerful drug lord in the country. His Gulf clan in northern Colombia is believed to have killed rivals to gain control of the cocaine smuggling routes to Central America.
Pope Francis has agreed to visit Canada participate in the country’s “process of reconciliation with indigenous peoples”. Hundreds of anonymous graves were unearthed earlier this year at the sites of former Indigenous children’s residential schools, most of which were run by the Roman Catholic Church. Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada, is committed to improving relations with Indigenous Canadians. He is still criticized for skipping the first national day of reconciliation on September 30 to go surfing.
This article appeared in the The World This Week section of the print edition under the headline “Politics”